Introduction to Bangkok

Introduction to Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital, largest urban area and primary city of Thailand.
Bangkok has a population of approximately 6 million residents while the greater Bangkok area has a population of 11 million. The Bangkok special administrative area covers 1,568.7 km² (606 sqm). Much of the area is considered the city of Bangkok, therefore making it one of the largest cities in the world.



The town of Bangkok began as a small trading center and port community on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River before the establishment of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, the precursor of modern Thailand which existed from 1350 to 1767.



Bangkok has a hot, tropical climate with daytime temperature reaching the mid-30s Celsius throughout the year. November to February is the driest time of year. March, April and May are the hottest months, and the rainy season runs from May to October. During the wet season short showers are likely during the afternoon, though some days it will rain all day. December and January; make up the 'cold months'. During the evenings at this time of year temperatures have been known to drop below 20 degrees Celsius.



Most of the city's population is ethnic Thais. The Chinese are by far the largest minority. Recently, Bangkok has experienced a large influx of foreign immigrants, long-term residents, and expatriates. An estimate of long-term foreign residents include 250,000 mainland Chinese, 85,000 Indians, of whom more than 80% have dual Thai citizenship, 44,00 Japanese (the largest Japanese population in Asia outside Japan), 25,000 Americans, 45,000 Europeans, 15,000 Taiwanese, 20,000 South Koreans, 7,500 Australians, 12,000 Arabs, 20,000 Malaysians, 4,000 Singaporeans and also some Africans.



92%, are Buddhist. The rest are Muslim (6%), Christian (1%), Hindu/Sikh (0.6%), and others.